Raising standards 2

31st October 2014

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James Holland

The second part of our series on standards covers more of those from the 14000 family, as well as management standards and guidelines for energy and sustainability

Part one of our series (September 2014) looked at environment and sustainability standards focused on some of those associated with ISO 14001, the global benchmark for environment management systems. Part three of the series will focus on standards for auditing management systems and for reporting.

14051 – material flow cost accounting (general framework)

Material flow cost accounting (MCFA) traces and quantifies into physical units the flows and stocks of materials in an organisation, as well as their associated costs. MCFA aids environmental management accounting. 14051 provides an MCFA framework consisting of common terminology, objectives and principles, fundamental elements and implementation.

14062: 2002 – integrating environmental aspects into product design and development

14062 supports the identification of the likely effects on the environment of new products, helping organisations to make decisions in the design and development stages so as to improve environmental performance. It describes concepts and practices relating to the integration of environmental aspects throughout the six typical stages of the design and development process: planning; conceptual design; detailed design; testing/prototype; market launch; and product review.

14062 supports the identification of the likely effects on the environment of new products, helping organisations to make decisions in the design and development stages so as to improve environmental performance. It describes concepts and practices relating to the integration of environmental aspects throughout the six typical stages of the design and development process: planning; conceptual design; detailed design; testing/prototype; market launch; and product review.

14063: 2006 – environmental communication (guidelines and examples)

14063 offers guidance on the general principles, policy, strategy and activities relating to both internal and external environmental communication. It gives examples and suggestions for effective environmental communication, and includes references to existing voluntary guidelines and approaches that are available to help improve the quality of environmental reports and communications.

14071: 2014 – lifecycle assessment (critical review processes and reviewer competencies)

14071 provides additional specifications to 14044 (see part 1), which relates to lifecycle assessment (LCA), including requirements and guidelines for conducting a critical review of any type of LCA study, and the competencies required for the review.

50001: 2011 – energy management systems (requirements with guidance for use)

50001 presents a framework of requirements for organisations to: develop a policy for more efficient use of energy; fix targets and objectives to meet the policy; use data to better understand and make decisions about energy use; measure the results; review how well the policy works; and continually improve energy management. 50001 is compatible with 14001 and 9001 (quality management).

As well as 50002 (below), ISO is planning several more standards on energy management, including: 50003 on requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of energy management systems; 50004 on guidance for the implementation, maintenance and improvement of an energy management system; 50006 on measuring energy performance using energy baselines and energy performance indicators; and 50015 on the measurement and verification of energy performance in organisations.

50002: 2014 – energy audits (requirements with guidance for use)

50002 sets out the basic principles and requirements for carrying out energy audits and harmonising common auditing processes. It also enables organisations to compare results across similar sites.

16247-1 – energy audits, part 1 (general requirements)

The European standard EN 16247-1, which was published in 2012, supports EU directives, such as the Energy Efficiency Directive (2012/27/EC). Four more standards in the 16247 series are planned.

Both 50002 and 16247 can be used for energy audits under the UK’s energy savings opportunity scheme (ESOS).

16212: 2012 – energy efficiency and savings calculation (top-down and bottom-up methods)

EN 16212 provides a general approach to calculating energy savings in buildings, cars, appliances and industrial approaches, for example. It covers energy consumption in end-use sectors rather than energy supply, such as in power stations.

16231: 2012 – energy efficiency benchmarking methodology

The European standard EN 16231 specifies requirements and provides recommendations for energy efficiency benchmarking methodology. It describes, for example, how to establish the boundaries of what is being benchmarked, and provides guidance on the criteria for collecting, processing and reviewing the data.

16258: 2012 – methodology for calculation and declaration of energy consumption and GHG emissions of transport services (freight and passengers)

EN 16258 specifies general principles, definitions, boundaries, calculation methods, apportionment rules (allocation) and data recommendations for calculating energy use and greenhouse-gas emissions of transport services. These include operators, such as freight or passenger carriers, and users, such as shippers.

20121: 2012 – event sustainability management systems (requirements with guidance for use)

The international standard 20121 defines the requirements for an event sustainability management system for any type of event or event-related activity, and provides guidance on compliance. It focuses on establishing, implementing, maintaining and improving a management system to act as a framework for identifying the potentially negative impacts of events, removing or reducing them, and capitalising on the positive impacts through improved planning and processes. 20121 replaced the British standard 8901: 2009 and was used by the organisers of the London Olympics and Paralympics in 2012.

8900-1: 2013 – managing sustainable development of organisations (guide)

The British standard 8900-1 provides guidance on managing sustainable development and a framework for embedding it in the organisation’s day-to-day decision making. It includes a maturity matrix (pp.32–33) to assess progress, clarify next steps and combine the principles underpinning the management of sustainable development with practical implementation.

8900-2: 2013 provides a framework for assessment against 8900-1. It is not a management system specification; rather it provides a strategically based framework to direct and lead an organisation’s approach to the management of sustainable development.

8903: 2010 – principles and framework for procuring sustainably (guide)

8903 sets out a comprehensive framework to implement sustainable procurement processes across all supply chains.

8905: 2011 – framework for the assessment of the sustainable use of materials (guidance)

8905 provides a framework for the concepts, techniques, tools and methodologies that can be used to support decisions on the sustainable use of materials. It is designed to help an organisation select materials that maximise positive social, environmental and economic contributions and minimise negative impacts.

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