EU warming above average

8th September 2014

Related Topics


Sarah Lindsay

The latest climate change indicators analysed by the European Environment Agency (EEA) show the annual average land temperature in Europe for the years 2004-13 was 1.3°C above pre-industrial levels, making it the warmest 10-year period on record

The indicator for global and European temperature reveals the average temperature across European land areas increased more than the global average temperature for both land and ocean, and the global land temperature.

Three independent long-term records of global average near-surface (land and ocean) annual temperature demonstrate that the 2004–13 period was 0.75°C to 0.81°C warmer than the pre-industrial average.

Figures suggest extremes of cold have become less frequent in Europe, while warm extremes are more frequent. Since 1880, the average length of summer heatwaves over western Europe has doubled and the frequency of “hot” days has almost tripled.

The goal of limiting global average temperature rise to less than 2°C above the pre-industrial levels is projected to be exceeded between 2042 and 2050 by the three of the four scenarios outlined recently in reports from the IPCC .

The 13 updated indicators from the agency also cover issues such as sea levels, snow cover, ice sheets, ocean acidification, storms and glaciers. The projection for the global sea level, for example, has been revised upwards, based on new climate models that better represent the effects of melting ice sheets.

Several indicators include projections of further snow and ice decline. The indicator on Arctic and Baltic sea ice shows that, in September 2013, ice cover was well below the average for 1981–2010, and predicts that, if greenhouse gases continue to be emitted at high levels, the Arctic Ocean will be nearly ice-free every September before 2050.


Subscribe to IEMA's newsletters to receive timely articles, expert opinions, event announcements, and much more, directly in your inbox.

Transform articles

How much is too much?

While there is no silver bullet for tackling climate change and social injustice, there is one controversial solution: the abolition of the super-rich. Chris Seekings explains more

4th April 2024

Read more

One of the world’s most influential management thinkers, Andrew Winston sees many reasons for hope as pessimism looms large in sustainability. Huw Morris reports

4th April 2024

Read more

Alex Veitch from the British Chambers of Commerce and IEMA’s Ben Goodwin discuss with Chris Seekings how to unlock the potential of UK businesses

4th April 2024

Read more

Regulatory gaps between the EU and UK are beginning to appear, warns Neil Howe in this edition’s environmental legislation round-up

4th April 2024

Read more

Five of the latest books on the environment and sustainability

3rd April 2024

Read more

Ben Goodwin reflects on policy, practice and advocacy over the past year

2nd April 2024

Read more

In 2020, IEMA and the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries (IFoA) jointly wrote and published A User Guide to Climate-Related Financial Disclosures. This has now been updated to include three key developments in the field.

2nd April 2024

Read more

Hello and welcome to another edition of Transform. I hope that you’ve had a good and productive few months so far.

28th March 2024

Read more

Media enquires

Looking for an expert to speak at an event or comment on an item in the news?

Find an expert

IEMA Cookie Notice

Clicking the ‘Accept all’ button means you are accepting analytics and third-party cookies. Our website uses necessary cookies which are required in order to make our website work. In addition to these, we use analytics and third-party cookies to optimise site functionality and give you the best possible experience. To control which cookies are set, click ‘Settings’. To learn more about cookies, how we use them on our website and how to change your cookie settings please view our cookie policy.

Manage cookie settings

Our use of cookies

You can learn more detailed information in our cookie policy.

Some cookies are essential, but non-essential cookies help us to improve the experience on our site by providing insights into how the site is being used. To maintain privacy management, this relies on cookie identifiers. Resetting or deleting your browser cookies will reset these preferences.

Essential cookies

These are cookies that are required for the operation of our website. They include, for example, cookies that enable you to log into secure areas of our website.

Analytics cookies

These cookies allow us to recognise and count the number of visitors to our website and to see how visitors move around our website when they are using it. This helps us to improve the way our website works.

Advertising cookies

These cookies allow us to tailor advertising to you based on your interests. If you do not accept these cookies, you will still see adverts, but these will be more generic.

Save and close