Australia's top scientists have released a �State of the Climate' report which shows the country is getting warmer. The scientists said their monitoring and research of the world's driest inhabited continent for 100 years "clearly demonstrate that climate change is real". "We are seeing significant evidence of a changing climate. We are warming in every part of the country during every season and as each decade goes by, the records are being broken," said Megan Clark, head of Australia's state-backed Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO). The CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology report said international research showed it is extremely unlikely that global warming could be explained by natural causes alone. "There is greater than 90% certainty that increases in greenhouse gas emissions have caused most of the global warming since the mid-20th century," said the report. "Evidence of human influence has been detected in ocean warming, sea-level rise, continental-average temperatures, temperature extremes and wind patterns," said the report. Australia, a major grains and meat producer, battled the worst drought in 100 years for most of the past decade, damaging its farm output, but in recent years the commodities sector has been recovering due to good rainfall. Since 1960, the mean temperature in Australia has increased by about 0.7 degrees Celsius, but some areas of the country had warmed by 1.5 to 2 degrees Celsius in the past 50 years, the report said.Australia's warmest decade on record is 2000 to 2009. While total rainfall in Australia had been relatively stable, the geographic distribution changed significantly over the past 50 years, with rainfall decreasing in southwest and southeast Australia, the major population areas. Sea levels around the island continent since 1993 have risen 7-10mm per year in the north and west and 1.5 to 3mm in the south and east, said the report. From 1870 to 2007, the global average sea level rose by close to 200mm, sea levels rose at an average of 1.7mm a year in the 20th century and about 3mm per year from 1993-2009, it said. Sea surface temperatures around Australia have increased by about 0.4 degrees Celsius in the past 50 years. The scientists said that based on their monitoring of the nation's climate for 100 years, Australian average temperatures are projected to rise by 0.6 to 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2030.


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