On Tuesday 9th July, the UK Government published its response to the Final Report of the Independent Review of the Modern Slavery Act (MSA), while also announcing the launch of a public consultation on transparency in supply chains and the creation of a new £10m Modern Slavery Policy and Evidence Centre. The Review was commissioned by Government and made 80 recommendations as to how the statute could be reinforced to help address the issue of modern slavery, one of the biggest problems faced by society today.
Overall, it was encouraging to note the Government support for most of the 80 recommendations put forward in the Final Report, which is a clear sign of its desire to improve the effectiveness of the legislation. However, Government’s failure to move the sponsorship of the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner away from the Home Office or fully endorse recommendations on corporate sanctions for non-compliance are missed opportunities for improvement.
On the role of the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner
It is encouraging to note the creation of a Modern Slavery and Migration envoy to represent the UK’s interests on modern slavery and migration in key international fora and with key partner countries. The IEMA member survey carried out during the Review process revealed the desire for the commissioner to focus more on national engagement issues. Desire to engage with the UK on these problems at the international level will be reliant on the priorities of each Nation State, a role which a Modern Slavery and Migration envoy may be better suited for, subject to regular communication links between the Envoy and the Commissioner’s office.
Despite the creation of a New Memorandum of Understanding between the Commissioner’s office and the Home Office, the Government rejected the recommendation that the Commissioner should not be sponsored by the Home Secretary to ensure its independence. As set out in IEMA’s initial recommendations, the independence of Dame Sara Thornton in her role as Commissioner can only be maintained if it is ring-fenced and set by parliament, enabling her to better hold the government to account.
During our member survey 84% of participants called for the publication of a list of all those businesses caught by the MSA. IEMA therefore commends the government for accepting the Review’s recommendation on this point and for identifying approximately 17,000 UK organisations, which are likely to fall in scope of the legislation.
With 69% of IEMA survey participants believing that a central repository should be created, IEMA also welcome the government’s decision to set up such a repository to which companies are required to upload their statements and which should be easily accessible to the public, free of charge. This endorsement will permit greater public scrutiny while highlighting the efforts of responsible companies to map their supply chains, examine corporate systems and structures and conduct due diligence.
Finally, and most importantly, the Review recommended that the Government should amend the Companies Act 2006 and section 54 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015 to include a requirement for companies to refer to their modern slavery statement in their annual reports. It also went further to create an offence under the Company Directors Disqualification Act 1986 for companies in scope which fail to fulfil modern slavery reporting requirements or to act when instances of modern slavery are found. Despite 90% of IEMA members stressing that sanctions should be applied, and this being signalled as an important recommendation of the Review, both recommendations on sanctions for non-compliance were not formally endorsed by government on the grounds that this might lead to an overly compliant driven approach. Government will however be consulting on this issue in the public consultation on transparency in supply chains.
This important point is an opportunity for government to set out a process for applying such sanctions. IEMA will therefore engage with members to structure its response to the consultation and continue to work with the Government to ensure we can provide teeth to the legislation and help to combat the issue of modern slavery which is causing an estimated 40 million victims worldwide.
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- IEMA written recommendations report for the Independent Review of the Modern Slavery Act
- Independent Review of the UK Modern Slavery Act 2015: IEMA Demands for Mandatory Reporting are reflected in the Final Report
- The Final Report of the Independent Review of the Modern Slavery Act
- UK Government response to the Independent Review of the Modern Slavery Act
- Focus on Labour Exploitation: Statement on the Government's Response to the Modern Slavery Act Review
About the Author
Marc Jourdan is a Policy & Engagement Lead for IEMA. He leads IEMA’s work on the circular economy and social sustainability issues. He has an LLM in Environmental Law and over 9 years’ experience specialising in sustainability issues. Marc combines his legal skills with the commercial acumen he developed as a corporate lawyer to support members in both the private and the public sector on sustainability matters.