"Humanity must act collectively and urgently to change course through leadership at all levels of society," says the final report of the Scientific Expert Group on Climate Change and Sustainable Development.

Confronting Climate Change: Avoiding the Unmanageable and Managing the Unavoidable outlines a roadmap for preventing climate changes by using technology to seize opportunities around the globe to reduce emissions and provide other economic, environmental and social benefits, including meeting the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals.

Among the many suggestions, it calls for policy makers to improve efficiency in the transportation sector through vehicle efficiency standards, fuel taxes and registration fees/rebates; expand the use of biofuels through energy portfolio standards and incentives to growers and consumers; and ultimately improving preparedness/response strategies and management of natural resources to cope with future climatic conditions using new energy technologies and sustainable development.